Virginia Satir’s concept of self-worth denotes the level at which individuals value themselves and their lives. It is used to describe people’s attitudes toward themselves and others. Individuals with low self-worth are often closed off to communication, judgmental, past-focused, constantly regretful, anxious, and insecure (Piddocke, 2010). Individuals with low self-worth often engage in indirect, vague, and dishonest communication. Therefore, individuals with low self-worth use four different communication roles: “blaming, placating, being irrelevant, and being super-reasonable” (Gladding, 2011). Individuals with high self-worth are self-confident, respectful and empathetic toward others, possess strong communication skills, are honest and open, and have well-developed problem-solving skills. Virginia Satir’s recommendations are accepted as a general rule, but everyone may have a unique way of increasing their self-worth. Satir notes that people can learn and increase their self-worth if they desire (Satir et al., 1991). According to Virginia Satir, increasing self-worth among family members is a process that concludes when individuals gain self-insight and resolve their problems. During this process, family members freely express their thoughts and engage in discussions, increasing their courage, mutual respect, self-worth, and values. The purpose of this study is to investigate what the concept of self-worth is and how it is applied. Thus, an extensive literature search was conducted in Dergipark, EBSCO, ERIC, Google Scholar, and YOK-Thesis databases to identify studies conducted between 1980 and 2023. In conclusion, understanding this concept helps family members resolve their problems, improving their communication skills to better understand each other, and enhancing their ability to resolve conflicts constructively (Gladding, 2011).
Keywords: Family counseling, Virginia Satir, self-worth.